Revision [1930]

This is an old revision of UmbarCity made by SampsaRydman on 2007-11-23 21:25:35.

 

Haven of Umbar
Capital of the State of Umbar
 (image: http://wiki.lindefirion.net/images/UmbarPillars.jpg)
The Halls of Tar-Calion
 (image: http://wiki.lindefirion.net/images/UmbarTower.jpg)
The Red Tower
 (image: http://wiki.lindefirion.net/images/UmbarTavern.jpg)
Typical haradan tavern in Umbar
 (image: http://wiki.lindefirion.net/images/UmbarDrawing.jpg)
Drawing of Umbar from the Sea
Population
800 T.A. 30 000
1200 T.A. 45 000
1450 T.A. 60 000
1600 T.A. 90 000
1650 T.A. 80 000
1810 T.A. 45 000
1944 T.A. 50 000
Location
 (image: http://wiki.lindefirion.net/images/UmbarLocation.jpg)
Places in Umbar

MAP LEGEND

  Government
  Guildhouse
  Warehouse
  Industrial
  Traders
  Artisans
  Inns & Lodging
  Entertainment
  Manors
  Residential

Haven of Umbar


The City of Umbar was founded in the middle of the Second Age, and it later became the chief Númenórean stronghold in Endor. Two excellent harbours and its proximity to landward trade routes ensured that the port grew quickly, despite the limits of its agricultural hinterland. Umbar is the most ancient continuously inhabited dwelling of Men in Middle-earth.

Development of the City


The original Númenórean city was surrounded by a wall in II 2280, as was the town of Vinyamar. Most of the haven's extant Númenórean fortifications date to the era of Ar-Pharazôn the Golden, who constructed a second wall (still visible) around Vinyamar during the war against Sauron. After the capture of the haven by Eärnil, several more fortifications were built, and the walls of the city and the town were rebuilt in a more modern gondorian style.

Umbarean houses were designed to allow for a maximum living space in the smallest possible area of land, averaging in three or four stories in height (altough most wealthier citizens own houses with private courtyards). Domiciles outside the second wall were generally more spacious. Many private residences in Umbar possessed rainwater cisterns; the city itself had a large cistern system, fed by several local artesian wells and an underground pipeline, the best existing example of Númenórean genius. The main cistern of Umbar lies beneath the city's central market place.

Importance


Culture


Umbar was the largest and richest urban centre in the western Middle-earth during the Second and early Third Age, mostly due to its strategic position commanding the trade routes between the Raj and the Belfalas. After the Akallabêth, it would remain the capital of the southern, adûnaic-speaking Realm of Exile over an eight centuries. As the capital of the Umbar State, the adûnai called it simply "the City" (Kadar) or "the Haven" (Lôni). After Gondorian conquest, it became the second richest and largest city in the realm. Visitors and merchants were especially struck by the beautiful palaces and courtyards, particularly the Halls of Tar-Calion.



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