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>>""<div class="strike">Isles of Solitude</div><div class="strike" style="font-weight: normal;">Autonomous territory of Umbar</div>""{{image title="Lonely Islands" url="images/LonelyIslands1.jpg"}}
Island of Tol Avradî
{{image title="Lonely Islands" url="images/LonelyIslands2.jpg"}}
Haven of Bârunûrî
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**Population:** 3,000
**Affiliation:** [[Umbar Dúnadan principality of Umbar]]
**Governor:** Telmar Imrahîn>>======Lonely Islands======

The **Lonely Islands** are an archipelago of nine islands in the Belegaer, about 1,500 km (930 miles) from [[Umbar]]. They are regarded as the westernmost point of Middle-earth. The current main industries are fishing and cattle raising for milk and meat. All of the islands have volcanic origins, although **Tol Avradî** has some reef contribution. Because these once uninhabited, remote islands were settled sporadically over a span of ten centuries, their culture, dialect, cuisine and traditions vary considerably from island to island.

[[Umbar Umbarean]] convoys reach the Lovely Islands twice a year to trade olive oil, grain, iron, bronze, tools and cloth to sea-turtles, parrots, dried meat, whale oil, pineapples, water and rope. Current governor is **Telmar Imrahîn** (1604-1682).

====History====

According to the //Gondorian Chronicles//, the islands were already known in the beginning of the Third Age and discovered by Atandil, captain of Anárion and first circumnavigator of the world, but this is not certain. In 127, one of the captains sailing for //asapthubêth //Anattô of Umbar, **Imrahil Ûrî**, rediscovered the Lonely Islands while searching for Tol Meneltarma. Imrahil then explored the area and claimed it for [[Umbar]] shortly after. Although it is commonly said that the main island was named after the //[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Middle-earth_animals#Kirinki kirinki]]// (little scarlet bird native to Númenor), in fact the bird was never native to the islands.

Sheep were let loose on the island before settlement actually took place. This was done to supply the future settlers with food because there were no animals on the island. Settlement didn't take place right away: There was not much interest among the //Adûnaim// in an isolated island world hundreds of miles from Middle-earth. But patiently Imrahil gathered resources and settlers for the next three years (133-136) and sailed to establish colonies on **Kirithâni** and later on Tol Avradî. Grain, grape vines, sugar cane, and other plants suitable for settler use and of commercial value, were planted. The first colonists were a mixed group of people from Umbar with buccaneers from Tol Uialgaer, Haruze prisoners, enslaved Apysani, Dúnedain and Bellakarani among the early settlers.

Kirithâni was first settled in 144 with colonists from Ardûmir, Narîk-Zadan and Marös, under the command of Imrahil Ûrî. In 522 Bârunûrî, the capital of the island, was devastated by a landslide caused by an earthquake, and the capital was moved to Adûnalkar. The Lonely Islands were the second-to-last part of the Umbarean empire to resist [[Gondor Gondor's]] reign over [[Umbar]] ([[GobelAncalimon Gobel Ancalimon]] being the last). However, Gondor's hold over the islands was tenuous at best. The islanders were given self-rule under elected Deputy Prince-Governors, who were subject to the Captain of the Ships. Old //adûnai// title of the governor ("Lord of the West") was abolished as a blasphemy.

The **Kin-strife** (1432-1447) had strong repercussions in the Lonely Islands. Already in 1429, in Adûnalkar, the traditionalists had won over the loyalists, making Kirithâni the main headquarters of a rebel regime. The islands declared unanimous allegiance to **Castamir**, Captain of the Ships. Castamir awarded their zeal by creating the Outlying royal territory of Islands of Solitude. Office of Prince-Governorship was discontinued and superseded by royal wardens. Castamir distributed royal funds generously to the development of the islands and established supply stations for the [[CeiriathAran Royal Navy]]. When the Traditionalist League was forced to evacuate to [[Umbar]], Lonely Islands remained in rebel hands. They became virtually autonomous, with local governors supported by Umbarean-born //qadis// (judges).

~- [[http://lindefirion.net/maps/Umbar1664.jpg Map of Lonely Islands in relation to Umbar, III 1664]]
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~& CategoryEncyclopaedia, CategoryUmbar
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