Revision [4599]

Last edited on 2011-02-15 01:37:09 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
======Ships and Seamanship in Middle-earth======
Deletions:
======Ships and Seamanship in Western Middle-earth======


Revision [4466]

Edited on 2010-09-22 17:18:51 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
//See also: [[http://lindefirion.net/ships.html Catalogue of Ships]], [[GondorArmyNavy Gondorian Army and Navy 1652-1675]] //
{{include Laivoja}}
Deletions:
{{include Laivat}}


Revision [4465]

Edited on 2010-09-22 17:16:58 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
[[http://lindefirion.net/ships.html Available here]].
{{include Laivat}}
Deletions:
""<img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Gondor <img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Umbar
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Near Harad <img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Far Harad
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Bellakar <img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Enedwaith""
"" <table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5">
<tr>
<td colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000"><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Arial"><b><font size="2">Small
coastal vessels</font></b></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cair-ethir.</b> Wide,
flat-bottomed merchant ship designed to move through the shallows, such
as the waterways of the Balimur swamps, Ethir Anduin or Ethir Harnen.<br>
</font><p></p>
</div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/moliceiro_200.jpg" width="200" height="99" border="1"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
50' (15 m).<b> Beam:</b> 20' (6 m).<b> Displacement:</b> 25 tons<br>
<b>Sails:</b> square. <b>Crew:</b> 10 (2 officers, 8 sailors).<br>
</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cargo:</b> 10 tons. <b>Provisions:</b>
7 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-6 knots. <b>Price as used:</b> 50 gp</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Harondor Wineship.</b>
Used to transport wine along rivers Malduin, Carnen, Douro and Poros.<br>
</font><p></p>
</div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/viinivene.jpg" width="200" height="96" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:
</b>70' (21m). <b>Beam:</b> 20' (6 m). <b>Displacement:</b> 42 tons.<br>
<b>Sails:</b> square. <b>Cargo:</b> 46 barrels of wine (1500 gallons).<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-6 knots.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Felucca.</b> Haradan lateen-rigged,
oar-steered sailing boat used in fishing and transportation along Harnen
river and bay of Tulwang. Very fast, but dangerous in stormy weather.
<br>
</font></div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></b></font><br>
<font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/felucca_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b> 80' (24 m). <b>Beam:</b>
16' (5 m). <b>Displacement:</b> 42 tons</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><br>
<b>Sails:</b> 3 lateen. <b>Crew: </b>15. <b>Cargo:</b> 10 tons.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 7 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-12 knots.<br>
<b>Price as used:</b> 450 gp.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="left"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Badân. Badâns,
sambouks and dhows are haradan lateen-rigged, rudder-steered sailing ships
common to all southern waters, from Ormal Sea to Ethir Harnen. They all
show a common ancestry in ancient númenorean fishing caravels.</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><br>
</font><p></p>
</div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kauppalaiva_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Width:</b>
50' (15 m). <b>Beam:</b> 16' (5 m). <b>Displacement:</b> 27 tons<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 12-30. <b>Cargo:</b> 15-30 tons.
<b>Provisions:</b> 14 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-7 knots.<br>
<b>Price as used:</b> 75-200 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
<p> </p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000"><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Arial"><b><font size="2">Caravel
ships </font></b></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="middle">

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font color="#000000">Rochros</font></b><font color="#000000">
is a nimble, fast, low-swimming caravel used as a scout, trader and fisherman
in the coastal waters of Umbar. It is typically rigged with two or three
lateen sails which make them very maneuverable. However, the great size
of the lateen yard makes it difficult and dangerous to handle on large
ships in stormy weather.</font></font></font></p>
</td>

<td><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></b></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_200.jpg" width="200" height="177" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="middle">
<div align="justify">

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font color="#000000">Cairuils
</font></b><font color="#000000"> are post-Kin-Strife gondorian caravels
rigged with square sails. In some cases an umbarean Rochros was converted
to a Cairuil by moving the largest mast back to the centre of the ship
and the second mast forward to the forecastle, then recutting the sails
to fit the yards. They are slower but more easily handled by the less
experienced gondorian shipmates.</font></font></p>
</div>
</td>

<td><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></b></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_g_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="middle">
<div align="justify">

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000"><b>Draugaer</b>,
independent pirate ship built in Dûsalan in 1545, is a very fast
and agile modified caravel used in the waters of Tol Uialgaer and Cape
Mardruak, where it used to prey upon coastal shipping.</font></p>
</div>
</td>

<td><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel3.jpg" width="200" height="161" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<div align="left">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
60-75' (18-22 m). <b>Beam</b>: 20-25' (6-7.5 m). <b>Displacement:</b>
60-100 tons.<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2-3 lateen (<i>Rochros</i>); 2 square, 1 lateen
(<i>Cairuil</i>).<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 15-30. <b>Cargo:</b> 35-50 tons. <b>Provisions:</b>
15-30 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 3.5-12.5 knots.<br>
<b>Cost of hire:</b> 80 sp / day. <b>Cost to build:</b> 1200 gp.
<b>Price as used: </b>625 gp.</font></p>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000">
<div align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Traders
and transports</b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b>Cairbanga</b>.
Sturdy lateen-rigged transports called <i>cairbangas</i> are the most
usual beasts of burden in Belfalas Bay and coastlands of Harad. It cannot
withstand stormy weather, so they follow the trunk routes along the coasts.
Biggest cairbangas used as troop transports can carry about 250 soldiers
or 50 horses.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/cargoship_200.jpg" width="200" height="140" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
100-120' (30-36.5 m).<b> Beam:</b> 40' (12 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen-rigged. <b>Crew:</b> 60-80. <b>Cargo:</b> 200-400
tons. <b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-8 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
of hire:</b> 180 sp / day. <b>Price as used: </b>1500 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font color="#000000">Celbar</font></b>.</font>
Simple, sturdy and sluggish one-masted cogs are very common trading
and whaling ships in the northern waters, Cardolan and coasts of Anfalas.
Because they are easy to build and cheap to maintain, they became popular
even in Gondor when shipbuilding traditions deteriorated in the 19th
and 20th centuries.</p>
</div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kog_200.jpg" width="200" height="179" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
45'-90' (13-27 m).<b> Beam:</b> 18-20' (5-6 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 1 square-rigged. <b>Crew:</b> 10-20. <b>Cargo:</b> 30-100
tons. <b>Provisions:</b> 60 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-8 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
of hire:</b> 50 sp / day. <b>Price as used: </b>1100 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFFF">

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Celfalas</b>
(<i>Gondor</i>). A small carrack built for trade. It has a deep and round
hull, round stern. It is slightly larger, faster and seaworthy ship than
the cog, capable of crossing high seas and offering space enough to carry
provisions for long voyages.</font></div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/holk_200.jpg" width="200" height="197" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
98' (30 m). <b>Beam:</b> 20' (6 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 square-rigged, lateen in mizzenmast.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 30 (5 officers, 25 seamen). <b>Cargo:</b> 120-200 tons.
<b>Provisions:</b> 90 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-8 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
of hire:</b> 120 sp / day. <b>Cost to build:</b> ~2000 gp.<br>
<b>Price as used: </b>1400 gp. <b>Upkeep:</b> ~500 sp / month.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000">
<div align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Ocean-going
ships</b></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Cír</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Cír, which means only "ship" in umbarean
slang, is known to us as the carrack. Light carrack is similar in construction
to the gondorian Celfalas, but it is three-masted. It has a high main
mast with a huge sail, fitted with a bonnet. High forecastle gives fighting
edge to both marines and main ballistas. Light carracks are common in
Umbar, both as traders and as warships.</font></p>
</div>
</td>

<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/carrack1470_200.jpg" width="200" height="191" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
80-115' (24-35 m). <b>Beam:</b> 27-33' (8-10 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 square-rigged, lateen in mizzenmast.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 40-50. <b>Soldiers:</b> 80. <b>Cargo:</b> 200 tons.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-10 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
to build:</b> ~3000 gp. <b>Price as used: </b>800-1200 gp.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="left">

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>
</b></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>Cairon</b>
(<i>Gondor</i>). Greatships are almost exclusively man-of-wars. It differs
from umbarean carracks with its heavy armoured ram under the bowsprit,
a feature borrowed from the galley. The accommodation towards the stern
is a massive sterncastle about three decks high, with many crossbows
or small ballistas.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></p>
</div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1550_200.jpg" width="200" height="182" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
126' (38 m). <b>Beam:</b> 33' (10 m). Depth: 16' (5 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 5 square-rigged, 2 lateen<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 65. <b>Soldiers:</b> 150. <b>Cargo:</b> 500 tons.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-10 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
to build:</b> ~7000 gp. <b>Price as used: </b>2900 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Gaervinas</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Giant carrack of númenorean design, pinnacle of
both shipwright's and seaman's skill in Gondor and Umbar. Too large and
expensive to be used profitably for trade ventures and uncommon as a warship
due to its cost, it is mainly used as a flagship for a large group of
smaller ships.</font>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/great-ship_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
144' (44 m). <b>Beam</b>: 45' (13.7 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 7 square, 5lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 120. <b>Soldiers:</b>
300. <b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-10 knots.<br>
<b>Cost to build:</b> ~9000-14000 gp. <b>Price as used: </b>no sale.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Calimon
Alcarin </b>(<i>Umbar</i>), the personal greatship and showpiece of captain
Borathor Marös. Altough Calimon was born of the continual wars between
Umbar and Gondor, the period following her building was one of comparative
peace, and she saw no action until 1621. During the Gondorian attack on
Ramlond in July of that year, she was engaged by admiral Findamir's more
maneuverable galleys. She remained in service until 1666.</font></p>
</td>

<td valign="middle" rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/calimon_200.jpg" width="200" height="147" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
185' (56 m). <b>Beam</b>: 54' (16.5 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 7 square, 7 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 120. <b>Soldiers:</b>
386. <b>Provisions:</b> 40 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-10 knots.
<b>Armament:</b> 1 catapult, 43 light ballistae.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>

<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Palanrist
</b>(<i>Umbar</i>). Large, multi-decked sailing ship used for both war and
commerce. Faster than a carrack of the same size, it cannot take as many
soldiers. Númenorean Palanrists have been used in Gondor and Umbar
since the dawn of the Third Age, but the skill needed to craft such vessels
disappeared after the Plague. Only post-Plague palanrist in gondorian hands
belonged to the Prince of Belfalas.</font> </td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
136' (41 m). <b>Beam</b>: 30' (9 m). <b>Depth:</b> 19' <br>
<b>Sails:</b> 5 square, 3 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 100. <b>Soldiers:</b>
180. <b>Provisions:</b> 40 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-12 knots.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Herunumen
</b> (<i>Umbar</i>). One of the more enduring achievements of the Castamirioni
was their resolution to preserve the númenorean art of shipbuilding,
which survived in Umbar. <i>Herunumen</i> was built in 1634 in the shipyards
of Abaronloni at the insistence of admiral Angamaitë, who wanted
a really impressive Palanrist as his flagship. She was the last of her
size to be built in Middle-Earth, and the bill was trurly terrific: 65
586 gp, 16 sp and 9&frac12; cp. Carvings were all finished in gold leaf
and stern was heavily decorated with gold, glass and lanterns. She was
rebuilt at least twice, some of the rear decks being cut down and the
weight of decoration reduced in an attempt to lighten her. Herunumen was
accidentally burned in 1696.</font></p>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/sovereign-of-the-seas_200.jpg" width="200" height="171" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
212' (65 m). <b>Beam</b>: 48' (14.6 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 1605 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 12 square, 1 lateen.
<b>Crew:</b> 180. <b>Soldiers:</b> 300. <b>Provisions:</b> 20 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-11 knots.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#FFFFFF"><b>Oared
ships </b></font></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Dromons</b> are
the most important warships of the Umbarean and Bellakarian navies.
They are usually propelled by both oar and sail, amd could be built
in many shapes and sizes. Dromons have 72-100 oars in two banks, forecastles
and reinfroced central towers near the main mast, from which the marines
could use their javelins, bows and arrows and other projectiles. Most
umbarean dromons are equipped with flamethrowers that discharge "Númenorean
fire" (<i>Naurnen</i>) and catapults capable of hurling 500 kg
projectiles up to 1000 meters. Many heavier dromons are also armor-plated
against enemy rams. Dromons are usually rigged with lateen sails, but
a few bellakarian galleys use square sails.</font></p>
</div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/dromon_200.jpg" width="200" height="190" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
100-127' (30-39 m) <b>Beam:</b> 18' (5 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 60-175 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen + artemon.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 140-230 rowers. <b>Soldiers:</b> 30-60.<br>
<b>Rowing speed:</b> 3-7.5 knots.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-11.5 knots.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 7 days. <b>Cost as used:</b> 1400-1800 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Aercrist</b>
and other gondorian war galleys have longer keels, larger sails and more
soldiers than umbarean dromons, but they lack in their maneuverability
and seaworthiness. Gondorian galleys are usually armed with two catapults
and two heavy ballistae.</font></div>
</td>

<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galley_200.jpg" width="200" height="122" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
140' (43 m) <b>Beam:</b> 18' (5 m).<b> Displacement:</b> 195 tons.
<b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 240 rowers, 50 sailors. <b>Soldiers:</b>
70.<b> Rowing speed:</b> 3-7.5 knots. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 2.5-10
knots. <b>Provisions:</b> 10 days.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Galleasses </b>are
exclusively men-of-war, used as galley fleet flagships. The oars are
usually only used when moving in or out harbours, or along rivers and
streams. Gondorian galleasses are usually rigged in the way of a carrack.
Galley-type armoured ram is fitted to the bows and the overhanging deck
is used to board the enemy ship. Some galleasses have armoured forecastles
with naptha throwers.</font></p>
</div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass_200.jpg" width="200" height="184" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
120' ( m). <b>Beam</b>: 18' (5 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 280 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 5 square, 2 lateen.
<b>Crew:</b> 70. <b>Soldiers:</b> 36 gunners, 84 marines.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 60 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-10 knots.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 1 naphta thrower and 6 heavy ballistae in armoured
forecastle, 1 catapult and 6 slings.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Great
galleasses</b> or <i>Cairvagor</i> (S. "Swordsman ship") ships
heaviest rowed ships in existence. They cannot stand heavy weather as
well as a carrack of the same size, and the endurance is lower, mainly
because of the extra men needed for the oars, but they pack fearsome weaponry
and are virtually invulnerable to galleys.</font></div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
164' (50 m). <b>Beam</b>: 22' (6,7 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 280 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 3 lateen, 1 artemon.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 300. <b>Soldiers:</b> 44 gunners, 100 marines.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 20 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-5 knots.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 1 naphta thrower and 8 heavy ballistae in armoured
forecastle, 2 catapults and 14 light ballistae in the aftcastle.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>

<td valign="top">
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Tolost</b>
is an artillery barge, built mainly during Eldacar's second reign. It
is a man-of-war with a very specialized task, being the backbone of a
squadron of smaller vessels operating in restricted waters, such as Anduin
or in the Ethir. It is large, heavy and can be rowed at a very low speed,
but usually it is towed to its station, where it then stays for the rest
of the foray. It is armed with a very large number of ballistae and catapults,
and has also a very large fighting crew, often used as a reserve for the
accompanying ships and boats. </font>
</td>
<td bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
190' (58 m). <b>Beam</b>: 70' (21 m). <b>Sails:</b> none. <b>Crew:</b>
90 oarsmen. <b>Soldiers:</b> 400. <b>Provisions:</b> 15 days.<br>
<b>Rowing speed:</b> 0.5 knots.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 6 siege catapults, 20 heavy ballistae.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000">
<div align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#FFFFFF"><b>Haradan
ships </b></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Shebek</b>
or Xebec, known as Turwing in Gondor, is a small, fast, three mast (originally
two-masted) vessel, used exclusively in the Haradan coast, with a distinctive
hull, which added a pronounced overhanging bow and stern, and rarely displacing
more than 200 tons. They are typical raiding ships and greatly favoured
by Umbarean and Haruze nations as corsairs, and for this purpose were
built with a narrow floor to achieve a higher speed than their victims,
but with a considerable beam in order to enable them to carry an extensive
sail plan. Shebek can be rowed in emergency, but it is primarily a sailing
ship. In peacetime operations, the shebek is known to transport post and
merchandize to their designated ports of call.</font></div>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
</font><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/shebek_200.jpg" width="200" height="150" border="1"><br>
<br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/shebek2_200.jpg" width="200" height="142" border="1">
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
80-130' (24-40 m). <b>Beam:</b> 16' (5 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 3-4 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 30 sailors, 30 oarsmen.<br>
<b>Soldiers:</b> 60-100 in pirate vessels.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 4-15.5 knots. <b>Provisions:</b> 7 days.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 1-4 light ballistae. <b>Price:</b> 800-1400 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Baggala</b></font></div>
</td>

<td><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif"><br>
</font><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/baggala_200.jpg" width="200" height="183" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></td>
<td> </td>
</tr>
</table>
""


Revision [3416]

Edited on 2009-10-08 13:21:28 by SampsaRydman

No Differences

Revision [3415]

Edited on 2009-10-08 13:21:01 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
""<img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Gondor <img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Umbar
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Near Harad <img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Far Harad
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Bellakar <img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"> Enedwaith""


Revision [2882]

Edited on 2009-03-24 13:22:34 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
{{nocomments}}


Revision [2456]

Edited on 2008-06-09 11:40:14 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
Deletions:
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>


Revision [2455]

Edited on 2008-06-09 11:36:40 by SampsaRydman
Additions:

<div align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cair-ethir.</b> Wide,
flat-bottomed merchant ship designed to move through the shallows, such
as the waterways of the Balimur swamps, Ethir Anduin or Ethir Harnen.<br>
</font><p></p>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/moliceiro_200.jpg" width="200" height="99" border="1"></font></td>

<div align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Harondor Wineship.</b>
Used to transport wine along rivers Malduin, Carnen, Douro and Poros.<br>
</font><p></p>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/viinivene.jpg" width="200" height="96" border="1"></td>

<div align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Felucca.</b> Haradan lateen-rigged,
oar-steered sailing boat used in fishing and transportation along Harnen
river and bay of Tulwang. Very fast, but dangerous in stormy weather.
<br>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></b></font><br>
<font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/felucca_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></font></td>

<div align="left"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Badân. Badâns,
sambouks and dhows are haradan lateen-rigged, rudder-steered sailing ships
common to all southern waters, from Ormal Sea to Ethir Harnen. They all
show a common ancestry in ancient númenorean fishing caravels.</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><br>
</font><p></p>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kauppalaiva_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></font></td>

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font color="#000000">Rochros</font></b><font color="#000000">
is a nimble, fast, low-swimming caravel used as a scout, trader and fisherman
in the coastal waters of Umbar. It is typically rigged with two or three
lateen sails which make them very maneuverable. However, the great size
of the lateen yard makes it difficult and dangerous to handle on large
ships in stormy weather.</font></font></font></p>

<td><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></b></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_200.jpg" width="200" height="177" border="1"></td>

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font color="#000000">Cairuils
</font></b><font color="#000000"> are post-Kin-Strife gondorian caravels
rigged with square sails. In some cases an umbarean Rochros was converted
to a Cairuil by moving the largest mast back to the centre of the ship
and the second mast forward to the forecastle, then recutting the sails
to fit the yards. They are slower but more easily handled by the less
experienced gondorian shipmates.</font></font></p>

<td><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></b></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_g_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></td>

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000"><b>Draugaer</b>,
independent pirate ship built in Dûsalan in 1545, is a very fast
and agile modified caravel used in the waters of Tol Uialgaer and Cape
Mardruak, where it used to prey upon coastal shipping.</font></p>

<td><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel3.jpg" width="200" height="161" border="1"></td>

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b>Cairbanga</b>.
Sturdy lateen-rigged transports called <i>cairbangas</i> are the most
usual beasts of burden in Belfalas Bay and coastlands of Harad. It cannot
withstand stormy weather, so they follow the trunk routes along the coasts.
Biggest cairbangas used as troop transports can carry about 250 soldiers
or 50 horses.<br>

<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/cargoship_200.jpg" width="200" height="140" border="1"></td>

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font color="#000000">Celbar</font></b>.</font>
Simple, sturdy and sluggish one-masted cogs are very common trading
and whaling ships in the northern waters, Cardolan and coasts of Anfalas.
Because they are easy to build and cheap to maintain, they became popular
even in Gondor when shipbuilding traditions deteriorated in the 19th
and 20th centuries.</p>

<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kog_200.jpg" width="200" height="179" border="1"></td>

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Celfalas</b>
(<i>Gondor</i>). A small carrack built for trade. It has a deep and round
hull, round stern. It is slightly larger, faster and seaworthy ship than
the cog, capable of crossing high seas and offering space enough to carry
provisions for long voyages.</font></div>

<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/holk_200.jpg" width="200" height="197" border="1"></td>

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Cír</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Cír, which means only "ship" in umbarean
slang, is known to us as the carrack. Light carrack is similar in construction
to the gondorian Celfalas, but it is three-masted. It has a high main
mast with a huge sail, fitted with a bonnet. High forecastle gives fighting
edge to both marines and main ballistas. Light carracks are common in
Umbar, both as traders and as warships.</font></p>

<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/carrack1470_200.jpg" width="200" height="191" border="1"></td>

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>
</b></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>Cairon</b>
(<i>Gondor</i>). Greatships are almost exclusively man-of-wars. It differs
from umbarean carracks with its heavy armoured ram under the bowsprit,
a feature borrowed from the galley. The accommodation towards the stern
is a massive sterncastle about three decks high, with many crossbows
or small ballistas.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></p>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1550_200.jpg" width="200" height="182" border="1"></td>

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Gaervinas</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Giant carrack of númenorean design, pinnacle of
both shipwright's and seaman's skill in Gondor and Umbar. Too large and
expensive to be used profitably for trade ventures and uncommon as a warship
due to its cost, it is mainly used as a flagship for a large group of
smaller ships.</font>
</td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/great-ship_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Calimon
Alcarin </b>(<i>Umbar</i>), the personal greatship and showpiece of captain
Borathor Marös. Altough Calimon was born of the continual wars between
Umbar and Gondor, the period following her building was one of comparative
peace, and she saw no action until 1621. During the Gondorian attack on
Ramlond in July of that year, she was engaged by admiral Findamir's more
maneuverable galleys. She remained in service until 1666.</font></p>

<td valign="middle" rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/calimon_200.jpg" width="200" height="147" border="1"></td>

<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Palanrist
</b>(<i>Umbar</i>). Large, multi-decked sailing ship used for both war and
commerce. Faster than a carrack of the same size, it cannot take as many
soldiers. Númenorean Palanrists have been used in Gondor and Umbar
since the dawn of the Third Age, but the skill needed to craft such vessels
disappeared after the Plague. Only post-Plague palanrist in gondorian hands
belonged to the Prince of Belfalas.</font> </td>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>

<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"></font></font></font></font></font><b>Herunumen
</b> (<i>Umbar</i>). One of the more enduring achievements of the Castamirioni
was their resolution to preserve the númenorean art of shipbuilding,
which survived in Umbar. <i>Herunumen</i> was built in 1634 in the shipyards
of Abaronloni at the insistence of admiral Angamaitë, who wanted
a really impressive Palanrist as his flagship. She was the last of her
size to be built in Middle-Earth, and the bill was trurly terrific: 65
586 gp, 16 sp and 9&frac12; cp. Carvings were all finished in gold leaf
and stern was heavily decorated with gold, glass and lanterns. She was
rebuilt at least twice, some of the rear decks being cut down and the
weight of decoration reduced in an attempt to lighten her. Herunumen was
accidentally burned in 1696.</font></p>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/sovereign-of-the-seas_200.jpg" width="200" height="171" border="1"></td>

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Dromons</b> are
the most important warships of the Umbarean and Bellakarian navies.
They are usually propelled by both oar and sail, amd could be built
in many shapes and sizes. Dromons have 72-100 oars in two banks, forecastles
and reinfroced central towers near the main mast, from which the marines
could use their javelins, bows and arrows and other projectiles. Most
umbarean dromons are equipped with flamethrowers that discharge "Númenorean
fire" (<i>Naurnen</i>) and catapults capable of hurling 500 kg
projectiles up to 1000 meters. Many heavier dromons are also armor-plated
against enemy rams. Dromons are usually rigged with lateen sails, but
a few bellakarian galleys use square sails.</font></p>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/dromon_200.jpg" width="200" height="190" border="1"></td>

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Aercrist</b>
and other gondorian war galleys have longer keels, larger sails and more
soldiers than umbarean dromons, but they lack in their maneuverability
and seaworthiness. Gondorian galleys are usually armed with two catapults
and two heavy ballistae.</font></div>

<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galley_200.jpg" width="200" height="122" border="1"></td>

<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Galleasses </b>are
exclusively men-of-war, used as galley fleet flagships. The oars are
usually only used when moving in or out harbours, or along rivers and
streams. Gondorian galleasses are usually rigged in the way of a carrack.
Galley-type armoured ram is fitted to the bows and the overhanging deck
is used to board the enemy ship. Some galleasses have armoured forecastles
with naptha throwers.</font></p>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"></font><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass_200.jpg" width="200" height="184" border="1"></td>

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Great
galleasses</b> or <i>Cairvagor</i> (S. "Swordsman ship") ships
heaviest rowed ships in existence. They cannot stand heavy weather as
well as a carrack of the same size, and the endurance is lower, mainly
because of the extra men needed for the oars, but they pack fearsome weaponry
and are virtually invulnerable to galleys.</font></div>

<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>

<td valign="top">
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Tolost</b>
is an artillery barge, built mainly during Eldacar's second reign. It
is a man-of-war with a very specialized task, being the backbone of a
squadron of smaller vessels operating in restricted waters, such as Anduin
or in the Ethir. It is large, heavy and can be rowed at a very low speed,
but usually it is towed to its station, where it then stays for the rest
of the foray. It is armed with a very large number of ballistae and catapults,
and has also a very large fighting crew, often used as a reserve for the
accompanying ships and boats. </font>
</td>

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Shebek</b>
or Xebec, known as Turwing in Gondor, is a small, fast, three mast (originally
two-masted) vessel, used exclusively in the Haradan coast, with a distinctive
hull, which added a pronounced overhanging bow and stern, and rarely displacing
more than 200 tons. They are typical raiding ships and greatly favoured
by Umbarean and Haruze nations as corsairs, and for this purpose were
built with a narrow floor to achieve a higher speed than their victims,
but with a considerable beam in order to enable them to carry an extensive
sail plan. Shebek can be rowed in emergency, but it is primarily a sailing
ship. In peacetime operations, the shebek is known to transport post and
merchandize to their designated ports of call.</font></div>

<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30"><br>
</font><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/shebek_200.jpg" width="200" height="150" border="1"><br>

<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Baggala</b></font></div>

<td><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif"><br>
</font><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/baggala_200.jpg" width="200" height="183" border="1"></td>
</table>
""
Deletions:
<font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cair-ethir.</b>
Wide, flat-bottomed merchant ship designed to move through the
shallows, such as the waterways of the Balimur swamps, Ethir Anduin
or Ethir Harnen.<br>
</font></p>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/moliceiro_200.jpg" width="200" height="99" border="1"></font></td>
<font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Harondor
Wineship.</b> Used to transport wine along rivers Malduin, Carnen,
Douro and Poros.<br>
</font></p>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/viinivene.jpg" width="200" height="96" border="1"></td>
<div align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left">Felucca.</b>
Haradan lateen-rigged, oar-steered sailing boat used in fishing
and transportation along Harnen river and bay of Tulwang. Very fast,
but dangerous in stormy weather. <br>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/felucca_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></font></td>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2">Badân.
</b>Badâns, sambouks and dhows are haradan lateen-rigged,
rudder-steered sailing ships common to all southern waters, from
Ormal Sea to Ethir Harnen. They all show a common ancestry in
ancient númenorean fishing caravels.</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><br>
</font></p>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kauppalaiva_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></font></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Rochros</font></b><font color="#000000">
is a nimble, fast, low-swimming caravel used as a scout, trader
and fisherman in the coastal waters of Umbar. It is typically rigged
with two or three lateen sails which make them very maneuverable.
However, the great size of the lateen yard makes it difficult and
dangerous to handle on large ships in stormy weather.</font></font></font></p>
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_200.jpg" width="200" height="177" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Cairuils
</font></b><font color="#000000"> are post-Kin-Strife gondorian
caravels rigged with square sails. In some cases an umbarean Rochros
was converted to a Cairuil by moving the largest mast back to
the centre of the ship and the second mast forward to the forecastle,
then recutting the sails to fit the yards. They are slower but
more easily handled by the less experienced gondorian shipmates.</font></font></p>
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_g_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000"><b>Draugaer</b>,
independent pirate ship built in Dûsalan in 1545, is a very
fast and agile modified caravel used in the waters of Tol Uialgaer
and Cape Mardruak, where it used to prey upon coastal shipping.</font></p>
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel3.jpg" width="200" height="161" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></b></font><font size="2"><b>Cairbanga</b>.
Sturdy lateen-rigged transports called <i>cairbangas</i> are the
most usual beasts of burden in Belfalas Bay and coastlands of Harad.
It cannot withstand stormy weather, so they follow the trunk routes
along the coasts. Biggest cairbangas used as troop transports can
carry about 250 soldiers or 50 horses.<br>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/cargoship_200.jpg" width="200" height="140" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b><font color="#000000">Celbar</font></b>.</font> Simple,
sturdy and sluggish one-masted cogs are very common trading and
whaling ships in the northern waters, Cardolan and coasts of Anfalas.
Because they are easy to build and cheap to maintain, they became
popular even in Gondor when shipbuilding traditions deteriorated
in the 19th and 20th centuries.</font></p>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kog_200.jpg" width="200" height="179" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"> <b>Celfalas</b>
(<i>Gondor</i>). A small carrack built for trade. It has a deep
and round hull, round stern. It is slightly larger, faster and seaworthy
ship than the cog, capable of crossing high seas and offering space
enough to carry provisions for long voyages.</font></div>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/holk_200.jpg" width="200" height="197" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Cír</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Cír, which means only "ship"
in umbarean slang, is known to us as the carrack. Light carrack
is similar in construction to the gondorian Celfalas, but it is
three-masted. It has a high main mast with a huge sail, fitted
with a bonnet. High forecastle gives fighting edge to both marines
and main ballistas. Light carracks are common in Umbar, both as
traders and as warships.</font></p>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/carrack1470_200.jpg" width="200" height="191" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>
</b></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>Cairon</b>
(<i>Gondor</i>). Greatships are almost exclusively man-of-wars.
It differs from umbarean carracks with its heavy armoured ram
under the bowsprit, a feature borrowed from the galley. The accommodation
towards the stern is a massive sterncastle about three decks high,
with many crossbows or small ballistas.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></p>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1550_200.jpg" width="200" height="182" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Gaervinas</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Giant carrack of númenorean design, pinnacle
of both shipwright's and seaman's skill in Gondor and Umbar. Too
large and expensive to be used profitably for trade ventures and
uncommon as a warship due to its cost, it is mainly used as a flagship
for a large group of smaller ships.</font>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/great-ship_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Calimon
Alcarin </b>(<i>Umbar</i>), the personal greatship and showpiece
of captain Borathor Marös. Altough Calimon was born of the
continual wars between Umbar and Gondor, the period following her
building was one of comparative peace, and she saw no action until
1621. During the Gondorian attack on Ramlond in July of that year,
she was engaged by admiral Findamir's more maneuverable galleys.
She remained in service until 1666.</font></p>
<td valign="middle" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/calimon_200.jpg" width="200" height="147" border="1"></td>
<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Palanrist
</b>(<i>Umbar</i>). Large, multi-decked sailing ship used for both
war and commerce. Faster than a carrack of the same size, it cannot
take as many soldiers. Númenorean Palanrists have been used
in Gondor and Umbar since the dawn of the Third Age, but the skill
needed to craft such vessels disappeared after the Plague. Only post-Plague
palanrist in gondorian hands belonged to the Prince of Belfalas.</font>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Herunumen
</b> (<i>Umbar</i>). One of the more enduring achievements of the
Castamirioni was their resolution to preserve the númenorean
art of shipbuilding, which survived in Umbar. <i>Herunumen</i> was
built in 1634 in the shipyards of Abaronloni at the insistence of
admiral Angamaitë, who wanted a really impressive Palanrist
as his flagship. She was the last of her size to be built in Middle-Earth,
and the bill was trurly terrific: 65 586 gp, 16 sp and 9&frac12;
cp. Carvings were all finished in gold leaf and stern was heavily
decorated with gold, glass and lanterns. She was rebuilt at least
twice, some of the rear decks being cut down and the weight of decoration
reduced in an attempt to lighten her. Herunumen was accidentally
burned in 1696.</font></p>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/sovereign-of-the-seas_200.jpg" width="200" height="171" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Dromons</b>
are the most important warships of the Umbarean and Bellakarian
navies. They are usually propelled by both oar and sail, amd could
be built in many shapes and sizes. Dromons have 72-100 oars in
two banks, forecastles and reinfroced central towers near the
main mast, from which the marines could use their javelins, bows
and arrows and other projectiles. Most umbarean dromons are equipped
with flamethrowers that discharge "Númenorean fire"
(<i>Naurnen</i>) and catapults capable of hurling 500 kg projectiles
up to 1000 meters. Many heavier dromons are also armor-plated
against enemy rams. Dromons are usually rigged with lateen sails,
but a few bellakarian galleys use square sails.</font></p>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/dromon_200.jpg" width="200" height="190" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Aercrist</b>
and other gondorian war galleys have longer keels, larger sails
and more soldiers than umbarean dromons, but they lack in their
maneuverability and seaworthiness. Gondorian galleys are usually
armed with two catapults and two heavy ballistae.</font></div>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galley_200.jpg" width="200" height="122" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Galleasses
</b>are exclusively men-of-war, used as galley fleet flagships.
The oars are usually only used when moving in or out harbours,
or along rivers and streams. Gondorian galleasses are usually
rigged in the way of a carrack. Galley-type armoured ram is fitted
to the bows and the overhanging deck is used to board the enemy
ship. Some galleasses have armoured forecastles with naptha throwers.</font></p>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass_200.jpg" width="200" height="184" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Great
galleasses</b> or <i>Cairvagor</i> (S. "Swordsman ship")
ships heaviest rowed ships in existence. They cannot stand heavy
weather as well as a carrack of the same size, and the endurance
is lower, mainly because of the extra men needed for the oars, but
they pack fearsome weaponry and are virtually invulnerable to galleys.</font></div>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>
<td valign="top"><p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Tolost</b>
is an artillery barge, built mainly during Eldacar's second reign.
It is a man-of-war with a very specialized task, being the backbone
of a squadron of smaller vessels operating in restricted waters, such
as Anduin or in the Ethir. It is large, heavy and can be rowed at
a very low speed, but usually it is towed to its station, where it
then stays for the rest of the foray. It is armed with a very large
number of ballistae and catapults, and has also a very large fighting
crew, often used as a reserve for the accompanying ships and boats.
</font></td>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Shebek</b>
or Xebec, known as Turwing in Gondor, is a small, fast, three mast
(originally two-masted) vessel, used exclusively in the Haradan
coast, with a distinctive hull, which added a pronounced overhanging
bow and stern, and rarely displacing more than 200 tons. They are
typical raiding ships and greatly favoured by Umbarean and Haruze
nations as corsairs, and for this purpose were built with a narrow
floor to achieve a higher speed than their victims, but with a considerable
beam in order to enable them to carry an extensive sail plan. Shebek
can be rowed in emergency, but it is primarily a sailing ship. In
peacetime operations, the shebek is known to transport post and
merchandize to their designated ports of call.</font></div>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/shebek_200.jpg" width="200" height="150" border="1"><br>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" align="left"><b>Baggala</b></font></div>
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/baggala_200.jpg" width="200" height="183" border="1"></td>
</table>""


Revision [2406]

Edited on 2008-06-03 10:24:04 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
====Catalogue of Ships====
Deletions:
====Ships====


Revision [2286]

Edited on 2008-05-21 16:14:05 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/dromon_200.jpg" width="200" height="190" border="1"></td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>
Deletions:
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/dromon_200.gif" width="200" height="129" border="1"><br>
<img src="ships/dromon_200.jpg" width="200" height="190" border="1"></td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>


Revision [2285]

Edited on 2008-05-21 16:09:50 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
====Ships====
<font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Harondor
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/viinivene.jpg" width="200" height="96" border="1"></td>
<div align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left">Felucca.</b>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/felucca_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></font></td>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2">Badân.
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kauppalaiva_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></font></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Rochros</font></b><font color="#000000">
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_200.jpg" width="200" height="177" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Cairuils
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel_g_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000"><b>Draugaer</b>,
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/caravel3.jpg" width="200" height="161" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></b></font><font size="2"><b>Cairbanga</b>.
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/cargoship_200.jpg" width="200" height="140" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b><font color="#000000">Celbar</font></b>.</font> Simple,
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/kog_200.jpg" width="200" height="179" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"> <b>Celfalas</b>
enough to carry provisions for long voyages.</font></div>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/holk_200.jpg" width="200" height="197" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Cír</b>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/carrack1470_200.jpg" width="200" height="191" border="1"></td>
</b></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>Cairon</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleon1550_200.jpg" width="200" height="182" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Gaervinas</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/great-ship_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Calimon
<td valign="middle" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/calimon_200.jpg" width="200" height="147" border="1"></td>
<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Palanrist
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Herunumen
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/sovereign-of-the-seas_200.jpg" width="200" height="171" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Dromons</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/dromon_200.gif" width="200" height="129" border="1"><br>
<div align="justify"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Aercrist</b>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galley_200.jpg" width="200" height="122" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Galleasses
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/galleass_200.jpg" width="200" height="184" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Great
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>
<td valign="top"><p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Tolost</b>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Shebek</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/shebek_200.jpg" width="200" height="150" border="1"><br>
<img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/shebek2_200.jpg" width="200" height="142" border="1">
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/raj_icon.gif" align="left"><b>Baggala</b></font></div>
<td><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/baggala_200.jpg" width="200" height="183" border="1"></td>
Deletions:
<font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Harondor
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/viinivene.jpg" width="200" height="96" border="1"></td>
<div align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="pic/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left">Felucca.</b>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="ships/felucca_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></font></td>
<img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2">Badân.
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="ships/kauppalaiva_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></font></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Rochros</font></b><font color="#000000">
<td><img src="ships/caravel_200.jpg" width="200" height="177" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Cairuils
<td><img src="ships/caravel_g_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000"><b>Draugaer</b>,
<td><img src="ships/caravel3.jpg" width="200" height="161" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></b></font><font size="2"><b>Cairbanga</b>.
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="ships/cargoship_200.jpg" width="200" height="140" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><img src="pic/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font color="#000000">Celbar</font></b><font color="#000000">.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000">Simple,
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="ships/kog_200.jpg" width="200" height="179" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font color="#000000">Celfalas</font></b><font color="#000000">
enough to carry provisions for long voyages.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="ships/holk_200.jpg" width="200" height="197" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Cír</b>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="ships/carrack1470_200.jpg" width="200" height="191" border="1"></td>
</b></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>Cairon</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleon1550_200.jpg" width="200" height="182" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Gaervinas</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/great-ship_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Calimon
<td valign="middle" rowspan="2"><img src="ships/calimon_200.jpg" width="200" height="147" border="1"></td>
<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Palanrist
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Herunumen
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/sovereign-of-the-seas_200.jpg" width="200" height="171" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Dromons</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="pic/dromon_200.gif" width="200" height="129" border="1"><br>
<div align="justify"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Aercrist</b>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galley_200.jpg" width="200" height="122" border="1"></td>
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Galleasses
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleass_200.jpg" width="200" height="184" border="1"></td>
<div align="justify"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Great
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>
<td valign="top"><p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Tolost</b>
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Shebek</b>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/shebek_200.jpg" width="200" height="150" border="1"><br>
<img src="ships/shebek2_200.jpg" width="200" height="142" border="1">
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" align="left"><b>Baggala</b></font></div>
<td><img src="ships/baggala_200.jpg" width="200" height="183" border="1"></td>


Revision [2284]

Edited on 2008-05-21 15:51:19 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
<font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cair-ethir.</b>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="http://lindefirion.net/images/moliceiro_200.jpg" width="200" height="99" border="1"></font></td>
Deletions:
<font face="Arial"><img src="pic/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cair-ethir.</b>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="ships/moliceiro_200.jpg" width="200" height="99" border="1"></font></td>


Revision [2283]

Edited on 2008-05-21 15:45:21 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
"" <table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5">
<tr>
<td colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000"><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Arial"><b><font size="2">Small
coastal vessels</font></b></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">
<font face="Arial"><img src="pic/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cair-ethir.</b>
Wide, flat-bottomed merchant ship designed to move through the
shallows, such as the waterways of the Balimur swamps, Ethir Anduin
or Ethir Harnen.<br>
</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="ships/moliceiro_200.jpg" width="200" height="99" border="1"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
50' (15 m).<b> Beam:</b> 20' (6 m).<b> Displacement:</b> 25 tons<br>
<b>Sails:</b> square. <b>Crew:</b> 10 (2 officers, 8 sailors).<br>
</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Cargo:</b> 10 tons. <b>Provisions:</b>
7 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-6 knots. <b>Price as used:</b> 50 gp</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">
<font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Harondor
Wineship.</b> Used to transport wine along rivers Malduin, Carnen,
Douro and Poros.<br>
</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/viinivene.jpg" width="200" height="96" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:
</b>70' (21m). <b>Beam:</b> 20' (6 m). <b>Displacement:</b> 42 tons.<br>
<b>Sails:</b> square. <b>Cargo:</b> 46 barrels of wine (1500 gallons).<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-6 knots.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="pic/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left">Felucca.</b>
Haradan lateen-rigged, oar-steered sailing boat used in fishing
and transportation along Harnen river and bay of Tulwang. Very fast,
but dangerous in stormy weather. <br>
</font></div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="ships/felucca_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b> 80' (24 m). <b>Beam:</b>
16' (5 m). <b>Displacement:</b> 42 tons</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><br>
<b>Sails:</b> 3 lateen. <b>Crew: </b>15. <b>Cargo:</b> 10 tons.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 7 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-12 knots.<br>
<b>Price as used:</b> 450 gp.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="left">
<img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial" size="2">Badân.
</b>Badâns, sambouks and dhows are haradan lateen-rigged,
rudder-steered sailing ships common to all southern waters, from
Ormal Sea to Ethir Harnen. They all show a common ancestry in
ancient númenorean fishing caravels.</font><font face="Arial" size="2"><br>
</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><font face="Arial"><img src="ships/kauppalaiva_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Width:</b>
50' (15 m). <b>Beam:</b> 16' (5 m). <b>Displacement:</b> 27 tons<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 12-30. <b>Cargo:</b> 15-30 tons.
<b>Provisions:</b> 14 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-7 knots.<br>
<b>Price as used:</b> 75-200 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
<p> </p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000"><font color="#FFFFFF" face="Arial"><b><font size="2">Caravel
ships </font></b></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="middle">
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#666666"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Rochros</font></b><font color="#000000">
is a nimble, fast, low-swimming caravel used as a scout, trader
and fisherman in the coastal waters of Umbar. It is typically rigged
with two or three lateen sails which make them very maneuverable.
However, the great size of the lateen yard makes it difficult and
dangerous to handle on large ships in stormy weather.</font></font></font></p>
</td>
<td><img src="ships/caravel_200.jpg" width="200" height="177" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="middle">
<div align="justify">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font color="#000000">Cairuils
</font></b><font color="#000000"> are post-Kin-Strife gondorian
caravels rigged with square sails. In some cases an umbarean Rochros
was converted to a Cairuil by moving the largest mast back to
the centre of the ship and the second mast forward to the forecastle,
then recutting the sails to fit the yards. They are slower but
more easily handled by the less experienced gondorian shipmates.</font></font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td><img src="ships/caravel_g_200.jpg" width="200" height="185" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="middle">
<div align="justify">
<p><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000"><b>Draugaer</b>,
independent pirate ship built in Dûsalan in 1545, is a very
fast and agile modified caravel used in the waters of Tol Uialgaer
and Cape Mardruak, where it used to prey upon coastal shipping.</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td><img src="ships/caravel3.jpg" width="200" height="161" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<div align="left">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
60-75' (18-22 m). <b>Beam</b>: 20-25' (6-7.5 m). <b>Displacement:</b>
60-100 tons.<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2-3 lateen (<i>Rochros</i>); 2 square, 1 lateen
(<i>Cairuil</i>).<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 15-30. <b>Cargo:</b> 35-50 tons. <b>Provisions:</b>
15-30 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 3.5-12.5 knots.<br>
<b>Cost of hire:</b> 80 sp / day. <b>Cost to build:</b> 1200 gp.
<b>Price as used: </b>625 gp.</font></p>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000">
<div align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Traders
and transports</b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial" size="2"><b><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></b></font><font size="2"><b>Cairbanga</b>.
Sturdy lateen-rigged transports called <i>cairbangas</i> are the
most usual beasts of burden in Belfalas Bay and coastlands of Harad.
It cannot withstand stormy weather, so they follow the trunk routes
along the coasts. Biggest cairbangas used as troop transports can
carry about 250 soldiers or 50 horses.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="ships/cargoship_200.jpg" width="200" height="140" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
100-120' (30-36.5 m).<b> Beam:</b> 40' (12 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen-rigged. <b>Crew:</b> 60-80. <b>Cargo:</b> 200-400
tons. <b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-8 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
of hire:</b> 180 sp / day. <b>Price as used: </b>1500 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><img src="pic/enedwaith_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font color="#000000">Celbar</font></b><font color="#000000">.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2" color="#000000">Simple,
sturdy and sluggish one-masted cogs are very common trading and
whaling ships in the northern waters, Cardolan and coasts of Anfalas.
Because they are easy to build and cheap to maintain, they became
popular even in Gondor when shipbuilding traditions deteriorated
in the 19th and 20th centuries.</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="ships/kog_200.jpg" width="200" height="179" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
45'-90' (13-27 m).<b> Beam:</b> 18-20' (5-6 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 1 square-rigged. <b>Crew:</b> 10-20. <b>Cargo:</b> 30-100
tons. <b>Provisions:</b> 60 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-8 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
of hire:</b> 50 sp / day. <b>Price as used: </b>1100 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFFF">
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font color="#000000">Celfalas</font></b><font color="#000000">
(<i>Gondor</i>). A small carrack built for trade. It has a deep
and round hull, round stern. It is slightly larger, faster and seaworthy
ship than the cog, capable of crossing high seas and offering space
enough to carry provisions for long voyages.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2" valign="top"><img src="ships/holk_200.jpg" width="200" height="197" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
98' (30 m). <b>Beam:</b> 20' (6 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 square-rigged, lateen in mizzenmast.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 30 (5 officers, 25 seamen). <b>Cargo:</b> 120-200 tons.
<b>Provisions:</b> 90 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-8 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
of hire:</b> 120 sp / day. <b>Cost to build:</b> ~2000 gp.<br>
<b>Price as used: </b>1400 gp. <b>Upkeep:</b> ~500 sp / month.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000">
<div align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" color="#FFFFFF"><b>Ocean-going
ships</b></font></font></font></font></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Cír</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Cír, which means only "ship"
in umbarean slang, is known to us as the carrack. Light carrack
is similar in construction to the gondorian Celfalas, but it is
three-masted. It has a high main mast with a huge sail, fitted
with a bonnet. High forecastle gives fighting edge to both marines
and main ballistas. Light carracks are common in Umbar, both as
traders and as warships.</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="ships/carrack1470_200.jpg" width="200" height="191" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
80-115' (24-35 m). <b>Beam:</b> 27-33' (8-10 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 2 square-rigged, lateen in mizzenmast.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 40-50. <b>Soldiers:</b> 80. <b>Cargo:</b> 200 tons.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-10 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
to build:</b> ~3000 gp. <b>Price as used: </b>800-1200 gp.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="left">
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>
</b></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><b>Cairon</b>
(<i>Gondor</i>). Greatships are almost exclusively man-of-wars.
It differs from umbarean carracks with its heavy armoured ram
under the bowsprit, a feature borrowed from the galley. The accommodation
towards the stern is a massive sterncastle about three decks high,
with many crossbows or small ballistas.</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleon1550_200.jpg" width="200" height="182" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Length:</b>
126' (38 m). <b>Beam:</b> 33' (10 m). Depth: 16' (5 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 5 square-rigged, 2 lateen<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 65. <b>Soldiers:</b> 150. <b>Cargo:</b> 500 tons.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-10 knots.<br>
</font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Cost
to build:</b> ~7000 gp. <b>Price as used: </b>2900 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Gaervinas</b>
(<i>Umbar</i>). Giant carrack of númenorean design, pinnacle
of both shipwright's and seaman's skill in Gondor and Umbar. Too
large and expensive to be used profitably for trade ventures and
uncommon as a warship due to its cost, it is mainly used as a flagship
for a large group of smaller ships.</font>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/great-ship_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
144' (44 m). <b>Beam</b>: 45' (13.7 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 7 square, 5lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 120. <b>Soldiers:</b>
300. <b>Provisions:</b> 30 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-10 knots.<br>
<b>Cost to build:</b> ~9000-14000 gp. <b>Price as used: </b>no sale.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Calimon
Alcarin </b>(<i>Umbar</i>), the personal greatship and showpiece
of captain Borathor Marös. Altough Calimon was born of the
continual wars between Umbar and Gondor, the period following her
building was one of comparative peace, and she saw no action until
1621. During the Gondorian attack on Ramlond in July of that year,
she was engaged by admiral Findamir's more maneuverable galleys.
She remained in service until 1666.</font></p>
</td>
<td valign="middle" rowspan="2"><img src="ships/calimon_200.jpg" width="200" height="147" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
185' (56 m). <b>Beam</b>: 54' (16.5 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 7 square, 7 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 120. <b>Soldiers:</b>
386. <b>Provisions:</b> 40 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-10 knots.
<b>Armament:</b> 1 catapult, 43 light ballistae.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Palanrist
</b>(<i>Umbar</i>). Large, multi-decked sailing ship used for both
war and commerce. Faster than a carrack of the same size, it cannot
take as many soldiers. Númenorean Palanrists have been used
in Gondor and Umbar since the dawn of the Third Age, but the skill
needed to craft such vessels disappeared after the Plague. Only post-Plague
palanrist in gondorian hands belonged to the Prince of Belfalas.</font>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleon1590_200.jpg" width="200" height="178" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
136' (41 m). <b>Beam</b>: 30' (9 m). <b>Depth:</b> 19' <br>
<b>Sails:</b> 5 square, 3 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 100. <b>Soldiers:</b>
180. <b>Provisions:</b> 40 days. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 3-12 knots.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Herunumen
</b> (<i>Umbar</i>). One of the more enduring achievements of the
Castamirioni was their resolution to preserve the númenorean
art of shipbuilding, which survived in Umbar. <i>Herunumen</i> was
built in 1634 in the shipyards of Abaronloni at the insistence of
admiral Angamaitë, who wanted a really impressive Palanrist
as his flagship. She was the last of her size to be built in Middle-Earth,
and the bill was trurly terrific: 65 586 gp, 16 sp and 9&frac12;
cp. Carvings were all finished in gold leaf and stern was heavily
decorated with gold, glass and lanterns. She was rebuilt at least
twice, some of the rear decks being cut down and the weight of decoration
reduced in an attempt to lighten her. Herunumen was accidentally
burned in 1696.</font></p>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/sovereign-of-the-seas_200.jpg" width="200" height="171" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
212' (65 m). <b>Beam</b>: 48' (14.6 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 1605 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 12 square, 1 lateen.
<b>Crew:</b> 180. <b>Soldiers:</b> 300. <b>Provisions:</b> 20 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-11 knots.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#FFFFFF"><b>Oared
ships </b></font></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><b><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font size="2"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><font face="Arial"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></b></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font></font><b>Dromons</b>
are the most important warships of the Umbarean and Bellakarian
navies. They are usually propelled by both oar and sail, amd could
be built in many shapes and sizes. Dromons have 72-100 oars in
two banks, forecastles and reinfroced central towers near the
main mast, from which the marines could use their javelins, bows
and arrows and other projectiles. Most umbarean dromons are equipped
with flamethrowers that discharge "Númenorean fire"
(<i>Naurnen</i>) and catapults capable of hurling 500 kg projectiles
up to 1000 meters. Many heavier dromons are also armor-plated
against enemy rams. Dromons are usually rigged with lateen sails,
but a few bellakarian galleys use square sails.</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="pic/dromon_200.gif" width="200" height="129" border="1"><br>
<br>
<img src="ships/dromon_200.jpg" width="200" height="190" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
100-127' (30-39 m) <b>Beam:</b> 18' (5 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 60-175 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen + artemon.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 140-230 rowers. <b>Soldiers:</b> 30-60.<br>
<b>Rowing speed:</b> 3-7.5 knots.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 2-11.5 knots.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 7 days. <b>Cost as used:</b> 1400-1800 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Aercrist</b>
and other gondorian war galleys have longer keels, larger sails
and more soldiers than umbarean dromons, but they lack in their
maneuverability and seaworthiness. Gondorian galleys are usually
armed with two catapults and two heavy ballistae.</font></div>
</td>
<td valign="top" rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galley_200.jpg" width="200" height="122" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
140' (43 m) <b>Beam:</b> 18' (5 m).<b> Displacement:</b> 195 tons.
<b>Sails:</b> 2 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 240 rowers, 50 sailors. <b>Soldiers:</b>
70.<b> Rowing speed:</b> 3-7.5 knots. <b>Sailing speed:</b> 2.5-10
knots. <b>Provisions:</b> 10 days.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Galleasses
</b>are exclusively men-of-war, used as galley fleet flagships.
The oars are usually only used when moving in or out harbours,
or along rivers and streams. Gondorian galleasses are usually
rigged in the way of a carrack. Galley-type armoured ram is fitted
to the bows and the overhanging deck is used to board the enemy
ship. Some galleasses have armoured forecastles with naptha throwers.</font></p>
</div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleass_200.jpg" width="200" height="184" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC">
<p><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
120' ( m). <b>Beam</b>: 18' (5 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 280 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 5 square, 2 lateen.
<b>Crew:</b> 70. <b>Soldiers:</b> 36 gunners, 84 marines.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 60 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-10 knots.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 1 naphta thrower and 6 heavy ballistae in armoured
forecastle, 1 catapult and 6 slings.</font></p>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><b>Great
galleasses</b> or <i>Cairvagor</i> (S. "Swordsman ship")
ships heaviest rowed ships in existence. They cannot stand heavy
weather as well as a carrack of the same size, and the endurance
is lower, mainly because of the extra men needed for the oars, but
they pack fearsome weaponry and are virtually invulnerable to galleys.</font></div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/galleass2_200.jpg" width="200" height="151" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
164' (50 m). <b>Beam</b>: 22' (6,7 m).<br>
<b>Displacement:</b> 280 tons. <b>Sails:</b> 3 lateen, 1 artemon.<br>
<b>Crew:</b> 300. <b>Soldiers:</b> 44 gunners, 100 marines.<br>
<b>Provisions:</b> 20 days.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 1-5 knots.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 1 naphta thrower and 8 heavy ballistae in armoured
forecastle, 2 catapults and 14 light ballistae in the aftcastle.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><p align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/gondor_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Tolost</b>
is an artillery barge, built mainly during Eldacar's second reign.
It is a man-of-war with a very specialized task, being the backbone
of a squadron of smaller vessels operating in restricted waters, such
as Anduin or in the Ethir. It is large, heavy and can be rowed at
a very low speed, but usually it is towed to its station, where it
then stays for the rest of the foray. It is armed with a very large
number of ballistae and catapults, and has also a very large fighting
crew, often used as a reserve for the accompanying ships and boats.
</font></td>
<td bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
190' (58 m). <b>Beam</b>: 70' (21 m). <b>Sails:</b> none. <b>Crew:</b>
90 oarsmen. <b>Soldiers:</b> 400. <b>Provisions:</b> 15 days.<br>
<b>Rowing speed:</b> 0.5 knots.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 6 siege catapults, 20 heavy ballistae.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2" bgcolor="#000000">
<div align="left"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><font color="#FFFFFF"><b>Haradan
ships </b></font></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/umbar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/harad_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" width="30" height="30" align="left"><b>Shebek</b>
or Xebec, known as Turwing in Gondor, is a small, fast, three mast
(originally two-masted) vessel, used exclusively in the Haradan
coast, with a distinctive hull, which added a pronounced overhanging
bow and stern, and rarely displacing more than 200 tons. They are
typical raiding ships and greatly favoured by Umbarean and Haruze
nations as corsairs, and for this purpose were built with a narrow
floor to achieve a higher speed than their victims, but with a considerable
beam in order to enable them to carry an extensive sail plan. Shebek
can be rowed in emergency, but it is primarily a sailing ship. In
peacetime operations, the shebek is known to transport post and
merchandize to their designated ports of call.</font></div>
</td>
<td rowspan="2"><img src="ships/shebek_200.jpg" width="200" height="150" border="1"><br>
<br>
<img src="ships/shebek2_200.jpg" width="200" height="142" border="1">
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFCC"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" style="font-size: 13px;"><b>Length:</b>
80-130' (24-40 m). <b>Beam:</b> 16' (5 m).<br>
<b>Sails:</b> 3-4 lateen. <b>Crew:</b> 30 sailors, 30 oarsmen.<br>
<b>Soldiers:</b> 60-100 in pirate vessels.<br>
<b>Sailing speed:</b> 4-15.5 knots. <b>Provisions:</b> 7 days.<br>
<b>Armament:</b> 1-4 light ballistae. <b>Price:</b> 800-1400 gp.</font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<div align="left">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top">
<div align="justify"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"><img src="pic/bellakar_icon.gif" align="left"><img src="pic/raj_icon.gif" align="left"><b>Baggala</b></font></div>
</td>
<td><img src="ships/baggala_200.jpg" width="200" height="183" border="1"></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top" colspan="2">
<hr noshade>
<font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><font face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="2"></font></td>
<td> </td>
</tr>
</table>""


Revision [2282]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:04:35 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~ //Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
~ We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~ We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,
Deletions:
~- //Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
~- We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~- We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,


Revision [2281]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:03:59 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~- //Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
~- We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~- We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,
Deletions:
~A) //Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
~i) We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~A) We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,


Revision [2280]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:03:45 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~i) We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
Deletions:
~A) We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,


Revision [2279]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:03:27 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~A) //Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
~A) We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~A) We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,
Deletions:
~i) //Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
~i) We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~i) We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,


Revision [2278]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:02:57 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~i) We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~i) We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,
Deletions:
~We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,


Revision [2277]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:02:45 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~i) //Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
Deletions:
~//Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,


Revision [2276]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:01:45 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
----
~& CategoryEncyclopaedia, CategoryGondor, CategoryUmbar


Revision [2275]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:01:14 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~//Namárië// to you, fair ladies of South
~For we've received orders for to sail for old Gondor,
~An' hope very shortly to strike Anduins' Mouth
~We'll rant an' we'll rave across the salt seas,
~'Till we strike soundings in the Mouths of Old Anduin,
~From Gaeros to Methir is fourty-five leagues.
~We hove our ship to for to take soundings clear.
~In fifty-five fathoms with a fine sandy bottom,
~We filled our maintops'l, up Anduin did steer.
Deletions:
//Namárië// to you, fair ladies of South
For we've received orders for to sail for old Gondor,
An' hope very shortly to strike Anduins' Mouth
We'll rant an' we'll rave across the salt seas,
'Till we strike soundings in the Mouths of Old Anduin,
From Gaeros to Methir is fourty-five leagues.
We hove our ship to for to take soundings clear.
In fifty-five fathoms with a fine sandy bottom,
We filled our maintops'l, up Anduin did steer.


Revision [2274]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:00:44 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
~//Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
~We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
~We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,
Deletions:
//Namárië// to you fair Southern Ladies,
We'll rant an' we'll roar, like true Gondor's sailors,
We hove our ship to, with the wind at sou'west, boys,


Revision [2273]

Edited on 2008-05-21 13:00:34 by SampsaRydman
Additions:
==Gondorian capstain shanty, 16th century==
Deletions:
==Gondorian capstain shanty, 16th century


Revision [2272]

The oldest known version of this page was created on 2008-05-21 13:00:24 by SampsaRydman
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