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This is an old revision of Religion made by SampsaRydman on 2009-10-30 21:49:16.


Religion, folklore and religious thought in Realms in Exile

Cult of identity

"Who is a Númenórean?" (an-Adûna) is a basic question about Dúnadan identity and considerations of Númenórean self-identification. The question has gained particular legal prominence due to diminishing of pure Númenórean bloodlines since the Downfall. The definition of who is of Númenórean ancestry varies according to whether it is being considered by the Elendili or Ârûwanâi based on normative religious statutes, self-identification or by non-Númenóreans for their own particular purposes. Because Númenórean identity can include characteristics of an ethnicity, a religion, and citizenship, the definition has varied, particularly since the early 6th century schism.

Elendili (the Faithful)

Although every Dúnadan is Faithful, not every Faithful is Dúnadan. The Faithful community in theory encompasses all the various subject peoples and commoners who subscribe to the Faithful ideology. However, in practice the Faithful are by its very nature exclusive group and reserved for men of Númenórean ancestry. Its main tenets are:

Ârûwânai ascetic eruism

Folk religion in Gondor

Is Arda round? Folk religion in Umbar

"Now the summit of mount Minul-Tarik (Meneltarma), the pillar of heaven, in the midst of the land was a hallowed place, for there the adûnaim had been wont to give thanks to Êru, and to adore him; and even in the days of Zigur (Sauron) it had not been defiled. Therefore many men believed that it was not drowned for ever, but rose again above the waves, a lonely island lost in the great waters, if haply a mariner should come upon it. And many there were that after sought for it, because it was said among the remnant of the Adûnaim that the far-sighted men of old could see from the Minul-Tarik the glimmer of the deathless land. For even after their ruin the hearts of the Adûnaim were still set westward; and though they knew that the world was changed, they said: 'Avallone is vanished from the earth, and the land of gift is taken away, and in the world of this present darkness they cannot be found; yet once they were, and therefore they still are in true being and in the whole shape of the world.' And the Adûnaim held that men so blessed might look upon other times than those of the body's life; and they longed ever to escape from the shadows of their exile and to see in some fashion the light that was of old. Therefore some among them would still search the empty seas, hoping to come upon the Lonely Isle, and there to see a vision of things that were.

But they found it not, and they said: 'all the ways are bent that once were straight.' For in the youth of the world it was a hard saying to men that the earth was not plain as it seemed to be, and few even of the Faithful of Anadúnë had believed in their hearts this teaching; and when in after days, what by star-craft, what by the voyages of ships that sought out all the ways and waters of the earth, the Kings of Men knew that the world was indeed round, then the belief arose among them that it had so been made only in the time of the great downfall, and was not thus before. Therefore they thought that, while the new world fell away, the old road and the path of the memory of the earth went on towards heaven, as it were a mighty bridge invisible. And many were the rumours and tales among them concerning mariners and men forlorn upon the sea, who by some grace or fate had entered in upon."
- Drowning of Anadúnë, Umbarean edition of Akallabêth, annotated by Kheruzîr Azrubêl in III 992.

In the "Drowning of Anadúnë", an ancient apographa, the nimir (eldar) had come to the Adûnaim and expressly taught that the world was of its nature round ('as an apple it hangeth on theb ranches of heaven'), but Zigur (Sauron) coming had gainsaid it ('the world was not a circle closed'). It can be deduced that the author knows that the world is of its nature a globe; but very few of the Adûnaim had believed this teaching until the voyages of the survivors of the Downfall taught them that it was true. Umbrean mariners were the first ones to perceive the spherical shape of the earth, although first circumnavigation is usually attributed to Atandil (Anîzîr) of Anadúnë. According to "Parma gaudion" (S. Book of machines), another Umbarean apographa, Umbarean Adûnaim also built ships that could sail in the "heavy air" and landed in the newly-found western continent or "dark lands", inhabited by savages, and were revered as gods and kings.

According to Umbarean beliefs, world has always been a globe, but Sauron tricked men of Westernesse to believe it was plain. In contrast, most Gondorians subscribe to the official theology offered in Akallabêth that world was made round in the Downfall.

Bellakarian heresy

Batan an-Izindi

Folk religion in Harad

Folk religion in Eriador

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