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This is an old revision of PoliticalParties made by SampsaRydman on 2008-07-13 16:18:17.


Political parties of Westernesse

And the successor realms-in-exile


Also called the Elf-friends, the Elendili (Ad. Nîmruzirim) were a faction of Númenóreans who advocated continued friendship with the Elves. They were also called the Faithful for their continued devotion and obedience to the Valar. This name was given to them by the time of Elendil, Lord of Andúnië, who later founded the kingdoms of Arnor and Gondor in Middle-earth.
By the close of the Second Age Númenóreans had become split between the Elendili and the King's Men - a faction centred around the King that strove to assert Númenórean supremacy over other peoples, and to overcome the mortality placed on Men. With Númenor reaching the apex of its might, the King's Men eventually espoused open defiance of the Valar. The Elendili, however, not only preserved their ancient friendship with the Elves, they also regarded the burgeoning arrogance of the King's Men as blasphemy. But the King's Men became more powerful and Númenor with them. By the end of the Second Age the King's Men had begun to persecute the Elendili. Fearing their influence early on, the King's Men secured the Faithful's deportation from their strongholds in the western regions, notably around the western port city of Andúnië, and relocated to them to the eastern port city of Rómenna. There many departed to the Hither Lands (Middle-earth), notably the Númenórean colonies of Lond Daer Enedh and Pelargir, founding settlements that would later become part of the faithful kingdoms of Gondor and Arnor. Many others would remain until the downfall of Númenor.
The Elendili enjoyed a brief respite when Elf-friend Tar-Palantir assumed kingship and began to turn Númenor back to the ways of the Faithful. But after Tar-Palantir died, his nephew Ar-Pharazôn usurped the throne and the Elendili were more vigorously oppressed, this time with the help of the Sauron, who had established the cult of Melkor (Ad. Mulkhêrhil) on the island. When Sauron converted Ar-Pharazôn, the last King of Númenor, some of Elendili were murdered and burned sacrifice to Melkor. Burned too was Nimloth the Fair, the White Tree of the King that was the ancestor to the White Tree of Gondor, and the tree for which it was foretold to be bound to the fate of the Kings. Isildur, son of Elendil and one of the Elendili obtained perilously a seedling from Nimloth the Fair and thus bound the fate of the Tree to the fate of the Heirs of Elendil.
As Ar-Pharazôn led his grand armada to Aman to challenge the Ban of the Valar, Elendil and the remaining Elf-friends were warned by the divine powers to leave Númenor forever. They were thus spared the downfall of Númenor when, as punishment for an attempt to defy the Ban of the Valar, Ilúvatar sank the island kingdom into the sea. The Elendili, under the leadership of Elendil and his sons, eventually made their way to refuge in Middle-earth where they were welcomed by the Elves. Elendil claimed high kingship in all lands north of river Poros and west of Misty Mountains.

King's Men

The King's Men (Ad. Arûwânaim) were a Númenórean royalist faction, who advocated subjugation of "lesser men" in Middle-earth, further establishment of colonies and extension of the imperial might of Númenor all over the world. The party was established after S.A. 2221, when Tar-Ancalimon became King of Númenor.
Their corruption led the King's Men to disaster as they followed Ar-Pharazôn in his suicidal invasion of Aman, in consequence of which Númenor, the mightiest realm of men that had ever been, was destroyed and swallowed up into the sea.
Umbar, the main Arûwânai bastion in the Middle-earth, was critically weakened by Ar-Pharazôn's Great Armament. After the Downfall of Númenor there was a brief civil war between servants of Sauron and those loyal to the ideal of Númenor. Victorious Royalists were convinced that Ar-Pharazôn was betrayed by Sauron, and condemned both Mulkhêrhil and Nîmruzirim as traitors and secessionists. Arûwânai party established itself again as the ruling force in all Númenórean colonies between Poros and Tulwang Bay.
Surviving King's Men in Umbar, Harad and Bellakar maintained the notion that Ar-Pharazôn was the last rightful king of the Númenóreans, and thus became to view any trappings of kingship as potentially blasphemous. Their governments were based on oligarchic councils or pairs of elected governors, called Asapthûbeths. Arûwânai party stayed in power for five centuries until it almost disappeared in a bloody civil disorders. Diminishing pureblooded Arûwânai aristocracy found it harder and harder to maintain traditional balance of power when constantly confronted by expanding middle cass of half-númenorean mixed men and enriched natives. Social revolutions wracked all former Númenórean colonies from the Bay of Belfalas to Tulwang Bay, giving rise to new political ideas.
Some Arûwânai abandoned their former distaste for their northern cousins and became supporters of Unionism, a strive to unify and conserve the diminishing Númenórean boodlines in Anfalas, Belfalas, Umbar and Bellakar. To broaden their power base, King's Men were eventually forced to extend the definition of Adûnaim to those of mixed heritage, but this new enfranchisement finally got to hold only after Umbar fell to the armies of the Ship-Kings, trying to unify the former Númenórean colonies under Gondorian rule.
After Umbar and most of Near Harad became Gondorian dominions, strenght of the King's Men was irrevocably reduced. Orthodox Arûwânai idealism lived on only in number of small colonies in Harad, mostly located in Bellakar. But inside Gondor, pride and haughtiness of the King's Men had a great influence on the descendants of the Faithful, now masters of great lands and rich beyond count; and during the reign of Atanatar II Alcarin the old dissension was officially laid to rest. Children of Númenor, whether descendats of Elendili or Arûwânai stock, should univocally support the new imperial rule of Gondor as Númenor reborn.

Some Royalist survivors remaining in Middle-earth failed to learn from the Akallabêth, continuing to serve Sauron and oppose those who rejected his will. Most fervent of them were called Mulkhêrhil, children of Mulkhêr, but the King's Men called them the Black Númenoreans (to the Faithful, everybody but them were "black númenoreans", because they lived "under shadow"). Principal stronghold of the Mulkhêrhil was the great realm of Anbalukkhôr, former viceroyalty of Ciryatandor in Utter South, but even there they were unable to form a lasting majority. After the defeat of Sauron in the War of the Last Alliance, many former Mulkhêrim in South and East reverted back to traditional Númenórean ancestor-worship.
In the tenets of the Mulkhêrhil they dodged the problem of Akallabêth by teaching that Ar-Pharazôn had in fact been victorious, and vanquished Valar once and for all. Ar-Pharazôn ruled the Undying Lands and became God himself, and those faithful to Mulkhêr would be resurrected in Aman, where they would live in immortal splendor. Because of Ar-Pharazôn's victory, the island of Númenor was detached from this world and became part of the Undying Lads, like Tol Eressea.
This adroit maneuver was the most enduring device of the Mulkhêrhil ideology. It gave the estrayed Númenóreans hope and reinforced their pride in exile; and because of active missionary work, it was adopted by many dark peoples living in the Utter South. Ar-Pharazôn was accepted as God and called West-Conqueror (Adûnuphazgan). Because of this convenient elevation to a deity, King's Men in Anbalukkhôr would not have to worry anymore about the blasphemy of usurping the kingship, and after a decade of vicious struggle, the Great-Asapthûbeth of Zadan an-Adûn was first to claim the titles of Lord of the West (Ar-Adûnakhôr), Father of Men and and Lord of the World (Anîyattô Imrukhôr) in T.A. 545.
Isolation gave rise to new religious movements like the duophysites, who considered Melkor and Ilúvatar two different manifestations of the same creator God. Others believed that Ainur and Elves were mischievous and malignant spirits who tricked the Fathers of Men to take part in their internecine struggles. In the more distant colonies, after a few generations of crossbreeding, Númenórean immigrants and overlords completely amalgamated with the native cultures, and even Númenor itself was forgotten and became a myth.

Guild of Venturers