Military of Khand
Khandish kataphrakt
Khandish kataphrakt, by Jan Pospisil.
War banners of Khand
Banners of the Uda, Ito and Itakh klans.

Different Variag helmets
Different Variag helmets, by Jan Pospisil.

Warcraft in Khand


Lamellar is the typical armour of these regions, usually of hardened leather. Standing variag armies make a large-scale use of scale cuirasses and pointed metal helmets. As might be expected in regions dominated by cavalry, the horse-harness of variag steppe peoples are highly developed and often very decorative. Lamellar horse-armour is usually reserved for élite troops, but is very common among the ruling Ito clan. Udo clan is known for their beautiful bronze lamelles.

Hosts of Khand are armed with slings, spears, javelins, bows and axes. Small one-handed axes are very popular in the cavalry as a substitutes to the expensive two-handed cavalry swords, when footsoldiers usually rely on sturdy two-handed battle axes. Horse archers and camel riders are armed with small composite bows with large, box-like quivers which can carry as many as sixty arrows. Straight double-edged swords of western form are preferred, but majority of Khandish blades are single-edged haradan exports.


Every province is responsible for providing their own troops under the leadership of the Khan, although there is no such as liege allegiance. Field armies (ordu) are organized in terms of myriads or tumens (10 000 men). Each tumen is commanded by a tarkhan, who are often given the task to administer spesific conquered territories. Most of the army is made of light horse and infantry, with a nucleus of heavy cavalry reserved for the decisive charge.

Variag army is highly professional. Promotion is mainly based on merit. Each unit leader is responsible for the preparedness of his soldiers at any time and would be replaced if this is found lacking. On the march each tumen would lead its own herd of remounts and each cavalryman would have at least three spare horses. If it is not needed on the battlefield, the Variag artillery remains behind the army with the engineers, the reserves and the herd of remounts. Artillery train includes heavy catapults, incendiary bombs, smoke bombs and rockets made of bamboo wrapped in leather.
DRAGON ORDU (40 000 men)
Khudriag Ovatha VI Ito
2000 Kataphraktoi, 6000 Arsiyah Cavalry, 2000 Horse Archers
Tarkhan Avharam
2000 Arsiyah Cavalry, 3000 Variag Guards, 3000 Variag Archers, 2000 Artillerists
Tarkhan Imrathôr Ghazi
2000 Arsiyah Cavalry, 3000 Variag Guards, 3000 Variag Archers, 2000 Desert Raiders
Tarkhan Suborta
2000 Arsiyah Cavalry, 3000 Variag Guards, 3000 Variag Archers, 1000 Artillerists, 1000 Horse Archers

WOLF ORDU (20 000 men)
Tarkhan Uda
1000 Variag Guards, 1000 Variag Archers, 6000 Nûriag Spearmen, 2000 Horse Archers
Tarkhan Sigisfriths
1000 Kataphraktoi, 1000 Arsiyah Cavalry, 2000 Haruze Horse Archers, 6000 Levies
EAGLE ORDU (20 000 men)
Tarkhan Baghatur
1000 Kataphraktoi, 1000 Arsiyah Cavalry, 2000 Variag Guards, 2000 Variag Archers, 4000 Nûriag Spearmen
Tarkhan Vojvod Jarosimov
2000 Variag Archers, 2000 Artillerists, 6000 Levies
BEAR ORDU (20 000 men)
Tarkhan Itakh
1000 Variag Guards, 1000 Variag Archers, 1000 Artillerists, 1000 Horse Archers, 6000 Levies
Tarkhan Chagaï
1000 Kataphraktoi, 1000 Desert Raiders, 1000 Artillerists, 1000 Horse Archers, 6000 Levies


Name Lvl Hits AT DB Sh, Gr Wpn I Wpn II  
Variag chieftains 10 127 Ch/15 25 S 99cp 84bs
While it may not be true that there is more royalty in Khand than there are cattle, the nation is divided into dozens of satraps, each of which sports a royal line. The petty kings of these provinces are fiercely protective of both their own power base and their personal honour. They usually fight from their chariots, which range from poor chieftain's fragile missile platform to Great Khagan's armoured war wagon.
Kataphraktoi (Khandish nobles) 6 104 Ch/16 25 S, A/L 84th 60cp
Khandish nobles are superb horsemen. In battle they are heavily protected by full scale or lamellar and similar horse barding. Kataphraktoi cavalry is best used as shock troops. They are armed with spears, two-handed axes, curved single-edged cavalry swords and composite bows. Some use distinctively Khandish two-handed curved cavalry swords, some of which are as tall as the riders themselves!
Arsiyah cavalry 5 92 RL/10 25 S, L 79sp 55sb
Arsiyah Cavalry forms the regular standing army of Khand. They are primarily mercanaries from variag, nûriag and nûrniag tribes and various central Middle-earth city-states located along the SIlk Road. They are light to medium cavalry, armed with spears, hand axes and short bows. Most have lamellar armour or maybe haradan mail, but ride unarmoured horses.
Haruze horse archers 4 65 RL/9 20 S 60cp 45ha/sp
Amongst the Haradrim tribes are accomplished horsemen who roam the desert and savannah alike, conducting unrelenting raids upon their neighbours. The horses of the south, while not as well-bred as those of Rhovanion, are swift and strong. Lords of Khand employ these light horsemen as raiders and skirmishers.
Variag guard 4 80 Ch/13 25 S 70pa 50cp
Variag guard infantry are amongst the most well-equipped and disciplines troops available to the Khagan, whom they worship with fanatical loyalty. They wear scale and lamellar armour of hardened leather, metal and bone, and are armed with spears, composite bows and axes.
Variag axemen 3 68 RL/10 - - 55ba 50da
The backbone of the Khandish hosts are steady warriors, as skilled at fighting from horseback as they are at fighting on foot. All have sworn allegiance to a particular king or chieftain whose heraldry they carry into battle. Khandish weapon of choice is the two-handed battle axe.
Variag archers 3 53 RL/10 - - 50cp 30ha
Variag foot archers use their composite and recurved bows with fearsome precision. They wear the same quilted or lamellar armour than other variag footsoldiers.
Nûrniag spearmen 2 29 SL/6 30 S 25sp 15da
From the fertile fields of Nûrn comes these rugged spearmen, who are usually pressed into service in great numbers by Khandish lords. When used in sufficient masses, they are capable of fending most cavalry assaults. They are equally useful in anchoring points of defense, when real variags are in short supply.
Tribal levies 1 25 No/1 - - 25sp 20sl
Tributary arrangements guarantee that these unhappy tribesmen from central Middle-earth serve their Khandish overlords. Levies break easily and are not supposed to do anything than hold their ground. They are armed with the most simplest of weapons.
Desert Raiders 2 40 SL/5 10 - 40sc 55sb
Desert archers are recruited from the Dune Sea: Narakshi and other Haradrim tribes. They are equipped with small hunting bows, curved daggers and soft quilted armour. They are very fast, escaping enemy screeners with their camels and dispersing to the dunes. Best suited in desert warfare.

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